The Kingdom of Cambodia is rich in culture and civilization, a senior nation which held great power in South-East Asia in the past.
The kingdom of Cambodia lies in the tropical zone that is situated in Southeast Asia and located in the Southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula. The country’s land size is 181 035 square kilometers, which is relatively small compared to its neighbors. The country is bordered by Thailand and Laos on the North, by Vietnam on the East and Southeast and by the Gulf of Thailand and Thailand on the West.
Much of the surface of the country is a low land area, which is bounded by mountain ranks and plateaus physically shaped like a pan. Cambodia is also centralized by Tonle Sap Lake ‘Great Lake,’ which is one of the largest fresh water lakes in Asia and is traversed by the Mekong River, 500 kilometer from North to South.
Population and people
This modern kingdom nowadays is geographically compact comprising of 20 provinces, plus 1 capital and 3 sub-capital as Sihanoukville, Kep and Bokor, and Pailin. It is bordered by Vietnam to the east, the Gulf of Thailand to the south, and Thailand to the west and Laos and Thailand to the north. Cambodia has an approximate population of 13.5 million citizens. Phnom Penh is the capital city, with a population of 1.5 million and coverage around 400 square kilometers.
The Cambodian population is 90% Khmer, with the remainder comprising of 5-10% Cham Muslim, Vietnamese and other ethnic minority groups who mainly live in northeast region of the country. The official language is Khmer, part of the Mon-Khmer group of languages. Khmer is spoken by more than 90% of the population. English is widely spoken, particularly by the younger generations. French, formerly the second official language, is spoken mostly by older people. 80-90% of the population live in rural areas and are predominately farmers. The official religion is Theravada Buddhism, which is also practiced in Laos and Thailand, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.